Effectives Treatment Evaluation of Gonarthrosis with “Traveling” Magnetic Field of the Device “ALMAG-02”.

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November 8, 2017
- Clinical Tests -

      Approved By

                                                                                            Chief Physician of City Hospital of Healthcare Department

                                                                                            Of  Leningrad Regional Clinical Hospital

                                                                                            V. M. Trishin /signature/   /official seal/

 

Effectives Treatment Evaluation  of Gonarthrosis with “Traveling” Magnetic Field of the Device “ALMAG-02”.

Osteoarthritis (arthritis) is a disease of joints characterized by degeneration and destruction of articular cartilage and causing proliferation of bone tissue, osteophytes formation, joints deformation and development of secondary synovitis.

People of second half life, more often women are especially prone to the disease.

It is believed that up to 20% of most countries population are susceptible to osteoarthritis. As the most often and  heavily the most loaded joints of the lower extremities (hip, knee and ankle joints) are affected, the life quality of this patients category is greatly reduced.

Chronic disease period leads to serious difficulties of treatment as the most commonly used in the treatment nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have numerous and sometimes menacing side effects, especially considering the fact that patient’s majority belongs to older age group and they are burdened with polymorbidity. Searching and application of treatment with physical methods, which have no undesirable side effects in comparison to drugs, have enduring relevance. One of such methods is “traveling” low-frequency magnetic field generated by the magnetotherapy device of the third generation “Almag-02”. It has the following effects determining the relevance of its application in this pathology:

1.  reduces pain syndrome;

2.  increases blood circulation in joints;

3. has anti-edematous effect;

4. normalizes the metabolism of chondrocytes and corrigiruet immune disorders (there is an autoimmune component to the components of cartilage damaging in the development of osteoarthritis).

A significant advantage of this method in comparison to other physical methods is the possibility of application with synovitis and it is well tolerated by patients.

The purpose of clinical observation in the period from November, 2010 to December, 2011 was to evaluate the effectiveness of the low-frequency magnetic field generated with the device “ALMAG-02” application for patients suffering from  gonarthrosis (RC No. FRS 2009/04790 of April 22, 2009.) A model for the study was a randomized group of 36 patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis of moderate deterioration stage to I-II degree functional failure of joints. Patients were treated at hospital or at ambulatory conditions with treatment period of 14 days.

The patients were divided into two groups:

first group – 19 patients took NSAIDs – Nimesulide  dosing of 200 mg/day for 14 days, Artrofoon sublingually to full dissolution dosing of 3-5 pills for 14 days, got massage and therapeutic gymnastics,

the second — magnetotherapy of the device “ALMAG-02”, massage and medical gymnastics.

Clinical examination of patients included assessment of:

–       pain syndrome according to  100-millimeter scale Visual Analogue Scale and to pain scale of the Western Ontario and McMastеr University Osteoartritis Index (WOMAC) subscore;

–       knee joint motorfunction limitation, it was determined using the fleximeter UGM-3 or KAWE and was assessed according to stiffness scale of WOMAC subscore;

–       disease activity  according to the LIKERT scale;

–       joint functional mobility by time measuring  of patient overcoming the distance of 15 m;

–        limb support ability by difference between the feet pressure  on the weigher;

–       tissue temperature  using a contact thermometer made by B. Well company (United Kingdom), model WF-2000;

–       rehabilitation potential and its dynamics according to a brief set of codes of the ICF (International classification of functioning, disability and health)for osteoarthritis.

The data dynamic of the ICF categories:

ICF codeICF categoryInitial level in % (group I)Final level in % (group I)Initial level in % (group II)Final level in % (group II)
В280Pain feeling656677
В710

 

Joint mobility function69

 

19

 

68

 

24

 

В730Muscle strength function41144316
S750Lower limb structure36173920
S770Additional musculoskeletal structures related to movement455467
D450Walking8838534
D420Body movement363385

Pain feeling according to Visual Analogue Scale

Group 1Group 2
Before treatment

4,3

5,6

After treatment

2,5

1,5

Pain feeling by WOMAC pain subscore

Group 1Group 2
Before treatment

13,2

15,3

After treatment

2,3

1,2

Reduction level of joint mobility according to WOMAC stiffness subscore

Group 1Group 2
Before treatment

29,5

15,3

After treatment

29,7

32,4

Passive and active flexion Angles of the knee joint

Group 1Group 2
Passive flexion Angles before treatment

123

127

Passive flexion Angles

after treatment

127

134

Group 1Group 2
Active flexion Angles before treatment

139

144

Active flexion Angles after treatment

144

163

Velocity of blood flow in the periarticular tissues

Group 1Group 2
Average linear velocity of blood before treatment

11,4

11,5

Average linear velocity of blood after treatment

13,3

18,5

Local temperature round the knee joint in groups

Group 1Group 2
Local temperature before treatment

29,5

29,7

Local temperature after treatment

30,1

32,4

Conclusion:

Objective assessment of the magnetotherapy effectiveness of knee osteoarthritis showed that patients of both groups noted improvement in health condition after treatment. The results of the dynamics analysis of life quality indicators of patients showed that rates of physical health and functional status are significantly increased, pain levels are decreased and indicators of emotional and mental health are increased. It is noted that the patients treated with magnetotherapy have all indicators improving values higher than in the first group, a particularly striking increase of local temperature and flow velocity round knee joint proves significant influence of magnetic field on the blood level of blood circulation and microvascular. Magnetotherapy is well tolerated even for patients with significant concomitant diseases and may be used of gonarthrosis treatment combined with other treatment methods or independently.

Head of the Physiotherapy Department

Prygova M. V. /signature/

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